Gum Disease

Harmony Smile Dental

General Dentist located in Sunnyvale, CA

Gum disease is painless, so you may not know you even have it, but it’s a common cause of tooth loss. Ryan Zhuoran Zhao, DDS, PhD, and his team at Harmony Smile Dental in Sunnyvale, California, focus on preventive dental care and can examine and treat your gum disease to improve oral health and prevent tooth loss. To schedule an appointment with a kind and compassionate team that puts your needs first, call the office today or request an appointment online.

Gum Disease Q & A

What is gum disease?

Gum disease, also referred to as periodontal disease, is an infection that develops around the soft tissue that surrounds your teeth. It’s one of the leading causes of tooth loss in the United States.

The sticky plaque that develops on your teeth is the most common cause of gum disease. However, hormonal changes, medications, and genetics may increase your risk of gum disease.

Gingivitis is the early stages of gum disease and causes red, swollen gums that bleed easily. If you suspect you have gum disease, or the early stages, you should schedule a consultation with the dental team at Harmony Smile Dental so they can evaluate your gums and provide treatment that restores oral health.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

Gum disease doesn’t cause pain, but you may notice changes to your gums that indicate you have an infection. Symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Red or swollen gums
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Loose teeth
  • Constant bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
  • Change in your bite


While the research isn’t conclusive, there may be a strong link between gum disease and other chronic health issues, such as diabetes and a stroke.

How is gum disease treated?

Dr. Zhao and his team take an individualized approach to the management of your gum disease depending on the severity. Your treatment may include:

  • Professional dental hygiene
  • Scaling and root planing


If necessary, Dr. Zhao may recommend surgery, such as a bone or tissue graft or flap surgery, which clears away tartar from underneath your gums and then tightens the gums to reduce the risk of infection.

What can I do to prevent gum disease?

The team at Harmony Smile Dental focus on preventive oral care and work closely with you to prevent the development of gum disease. In addition to your regular dental cleanings and checkups, the team recommends you follow good oral hygiene practices at home, including regular brushing and flossing. The team also recommends you stop smoking and eat a healthy balanced diet to prevent gum disease.

Dr. Zhao and his team work one-on-one with you to maintain or restore oral health and enhance your naturally beautiful smile. For an evaluation to discuss concerns about gum disease, call Harmony Smile Dental today or request an appointment online.

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